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Dinghushan | Family List | Poaceae | Polypogon

Polypogon fugax Nees ex Steud.

棒头草

Description from Flora of China

Nowodworskya fugax (Nees ex Steudel) Nevski; Poly-pogon demissus Steudel; P. higegaweri Steudel; P. littoralis var. higegaweri (Steudel) J. D. Hooker.

Annual, tufted. Culms geniculate, sometimes trailing and rooting at lower nodes, 10–75 cm tall. Leaf blades linear or broadly linear, 2.5–15 cm, 3–10 mm wide, scabrid or adaxial surface smooth, apex acute; ligule 3–8 mm. Panicle densely cylindrical, slightly lobed, or looser and narrowly ovate, 4–15 cm, pale green or flushed purple; branches narrowly ascending, up to 4 cm, bearing densely clustered spikelets. Spikelets narrowly oblong, 2–2.5 mm; glumes narrowly oblong, puberulous, vein scabrid-aculeate, margins shortly ciliate in lower half, apex emarginate, awned from sinus; awn shorter than or up to 1.5 times as long as glume body; lemma elliptic, 1–1.2 mm, apex slightly 4-toothed, midvein extended into a fine, straight, ca. 2 mm awn; palea as long as lemma. Stamens 3, anthers ca. 0.7 mm. Caryopsis elliptic, ca. 1 mm. Fl. and fr. Apr–Sep.

The names Polypogon littoralis Smith and P. lutosus (Poiret) Hitchcock have both been misapplied to this species. They are in fact synonyms of ×Agropogon lutosus.

Moist places, near farmlands; 100–3600 m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Xinjiang, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Bhutan, N India, Japan, Kazakhstan, Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan; SW Asia; introduced elsewhere].

生活型: 草本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 一年生丛生草本;

花期: 春夏

果期: 春夏

生境: 生于河旁、旷野湿润地

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 单子叶植物纲


 

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