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Dinghushan | Family List | Poaceae | Triticum

Triticum aestivum L.

小麦

Description from Flora of China

Culms hollow, 60–130(–150) cm tall, ca. 5-noded; nodes glabrous. Leaf blade flat, 10–24 × 0.4–1.5 cm, usually glabrous. Spike lax or dense, usually narrowed distally, square or subsquare in cross section, 5–18 cm, with up to 29 spikelets; rachis disarticulating or tough and not disarticulating, margin ciliate; internodes 3–4 mm. Spikelets with 4–9 florets (distal florets sterile). Glumes laxly appressed or adnate to floret, ovate or elliptic, sometimes very hard, distinctly or indistinctly to obscurely keeled, pubescent or glabrous; keel sometimes prolonged at apex into shortish tooth; tooth apex subobtuse, acute, or tapering into short awn. Lemma oblong-lanceolate, pubescent or glabrous, awnless to long awned; awn usually divergent. Palea subequaling lemma. Anthers yellow or purplish. Caryopsis usually free from lemma and palea. Fl. and fr. Apr–Aug.

Commonly cultivated, e.g., in fields of Hordeum and Triticum; below 3500 m. Throughout China [cultivated worldwide].

生活型: 草本

栽培植物: 栽培

特征: 一年生草本;

生境: 栽培

用途: 粮食作物;浮瘦干瘪的果实(浮小麦)入药,除热、止汗,治劳热、盗汗、根叶治小便淋沥,麦苗可解酒毒、除烦、退膈热、利小肠,麦秆烧灰可去疣痣;麦夫作饲料;秆可织草帽、造纸

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 单子叶植物纲


 

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