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Dinghushan | Family List | Palmae | Livistona

Livistona chinensis R. Br.


Description from Flora of China

Latania chinensis Jacquin, Fragm. Bot. 1: 16. 1800; Chamaerops biroo Siebold; Livistona boninensis (Beccari) Nakai; L. chinensis var. boninensis Beccari; L. chinensis var. subglobosa (Hasskarl) Beccari; L. japonica Nakai; L. oliviformis (Hasskarl) Martius; L. sinensis Griffith; L. subglobosa (Hasskarl) Martius; Saribus chinensis (Jacquin) Blume; S. oliviformis Hasskarl; S. subglobosus Hasskarl.

Stems to 15 m tall, 20-30 cm in diam., rough with leaf scars. Leaves palmate; petioles to 1.8 m, with green or black, recurved spines along margins, spines denser proximally, fewer distally on petioles; hastula to 3 cm; blades almost circular in outline, 1.2-1.8 m wide, green on both surfaces, regularly divided to ca. 1/2 their length into 50-90 segments, these split and pendulous at apices. Inflorescences 1-1.2 m, branched to 3 orders, with 6 or 7 partial inflorescences; rachillae 10-18 cm; flowers hermaphroditic, borne in clusters of 4-7, white or yellow, 2-2.5 mm. Fruits green or blue-green, globose to ellipsoid or pear-shaped, 1.5-2.6 × 0.9-1.8 cm.

This species is widely planted as an ornamental throughout tropical and subtropical areas of the world.

The leaves are used for making hats, fans, brooms, and raincoats in Guangdong.

Coastal forests, often on sandy soils. Guangdong, Hainan, Taiwan [S Japan].

生活型: 乔木

栽培植物: 栽培

特征: 乔木;

花期: 春夏

生境: 栽培

用途: 庭园行道绿化树;嫩叶制葵扁,老叶可作防雨复盖物,叶柄破篾可编织葵席等,葵骨可作扫帚,叶裂片中肋作牙签,棕毛纤维制绳;药用,叶治子宫出血,胎衣不下,难产,根治哮喘,血崩,五淋,便浊,疮癣(烧灰外用),骨哽喉(鲜嚼),花,果有收敛作用,种子抗癌,凉血止血,治白血病,慢性肝炎,食道癌等

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 单子叶植物纲

中文别名: 葵树


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Flora of China  
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