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Dinghushan | Family List | Commelinaceae | Commelina

Commelina communis L.

鸭跖草

Description from Flora of China

Commelina coreana H. Léveillé & Vaniot.

Herbs annual. Stems creeping, diffuse, numerous branched, to more than 1 m, glabrous proximally, puberulent distally. Leaf sheaths glabrous; leaf blade lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, 3--9 × 1.5--2 cm, glabrous. Involucral bracts borne opposite leaves, with 1.5--4 cm long stalk, cordate, folded, 1.2--2.5 cm, often hirsute-ciliate, apex acute. Proximal branch of cincinni with peduncle ca. 8 mm and 1 or 2 male flowers, distal branch with short peduncle and 3 or 4 bisexual flowers, nearly included in involucral bracts; pedicels ca. 3 mm at anthesis, curved and less than 6 mm in fruit. Sepals ca. 5 mm, membranous. Petals dark blue, 9--10 mm except proximal one ca. 5 mm. Capsule ellipsoid, 5--7 mm, 2-valved. Seeds 2 per valve, brown-yellow, semiellipsoid, 2--3 mm, flat on 1 surface, irregularly pitted, truncate at 1 end.

A medicinal herb with febrifugal, anti-inflammatory, and diuretic effects; also used for relieving sore throat and tonsilitis.

Humid places. Throughout China except for Qinghai, Xinjiang, and Xizang. [Cambodia, Japan, Korea, Laos, ?Malaysia, Russia (Far East), Thailand, Vietnam].

生活型: 草本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 披散草本;

花期: 夏月

生境: 生于林中或旷地湿润处

用途: 全草药用,清热利湿、凉血解毒,治肾炎水肿、尿路感染、扁桃体炎、白浊、疖肿、蛇伤;又可作农药防治蚜虫;花可提取蓝色染料;嫩茎叶可作蔬菜及饲料

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 单子叶植物纲


 

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