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Dinghushan | Family List | Amaryllidaceae | Allium

Allium chinense G. Don

荞头

Description from Flora of China

Allium bakeri Regel; A. bodinieri H. Léveillé & Vaniot; A. martini H. Léveillé & Vaniot; Caloscordum exsertum Lindley.

Bulbs clustered, narrowly ovoid, (0.5--)1--1.5(--2) cm in diam.; tunic white, sometimes tinged with red, membranous, entire. Leaves subequaling scape, 1--3 mm wide, 3--5-angled, fistulose. Scape lateral, 20--40 cm, terete, covered with leaf sheaths only at base. Spathe 2-valved, persistent. Umbel nearly hemispheric, laxly flowered. Pedicels subequal, 2--4 × as long as perianth, bracteolate. Perianth pale purple to dull purple; segments broadly elliptic to suborbicular, 4--6 × 3--4 mm; inner ones slightly longer than outer. Filaments equal, ca. 1.5 × as long as perianth segments, connate at base and adnate to perianth segments; outer ones subulate; inner ones broadened at base, 1-toothed on each side. Ovary obovoid-globose, with concave nectaries covered by hoodlike projections at base. Style exserted. Fl. and fr. Oct--Nov. 2 n = 24*, 32*.

Cultivated as a vegetable in tropical and subtropical China.

* Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Zhejiang.

生活型: 草本

栽培植物: 栽培

生境: 栽培蔬菜

用途: 鳞茎药用,治胸闷、咳嗽、胃炎,又作兽药治牛膨胀、猪吐泻等

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 单子叶植物纲

中文别名: 薤、荞菜


 

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