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Dinghushan | Family List | Liliaceae | Asparagus

Asparagus cochinchinensis (Lour.) Merr.

天门冬

Description from Flora of China

Melanthium cochinchinense Loureiro, Fl. Cochinch. 1: 216. 1790; Asparagopsis sinica Miquel; Asparagus cochinchinensis var. longifolius F. T. Wang & T. Tang; A. dauricus Link var. elongatus Pampanini; A. gaudichaudianus Kunth; A. insularis Hance; A. lucidus Lindley; A. sinicus (Miquel) C. H. Wright.

Herbs dioecious. Roots with swollen, tuberous part 3--5 × 1--2 cm. Stems climbing, 1--2 m, slightly woody proximally; branches angled or narrowly winged. Cladodes usually in fascicles of 3, subfalcate, 0.5--8 cm × 1--2 mm, flat or slightly 3-angled. Leaf spur sometimes spinescent; spine 2.5--3.5 mm on main stems, minute or indistinct on branches. Inflorescences developing after cladodes, axillary. Flowers of both sexes usually paired, subequal; pedicel 2--6 mm, articulate at middle. Male flowers: perianth greenish, campanulate, 2.5--3 mm; filaments free. Berry green, 6--7 mm in diam., 1- or 2-seeded. Fl. May--Jun, fr. Sep. 2 n = 20*.

The tuberous roots are used medicinally.

Thinly forested slopes, roadsides, waste fields; near sea level to 1700 m. Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Japan, Korea, Laos, Vietnam].

生活型: 草本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 披散草本;

花期: 夏月

生境: 生于林中或栽培

用途: 块根药用,滋阴润燥、生津止咳,治虚劳咳血、大便干结等;又可作蜜饯、酿酒或煮食;种子可作咖啡代用品;庭园绿化观赏

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 单子叶植物纲

中文别名: 天冬、假天冬


 

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