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Dinghushan | Family List | Liliaceae | Aspidistra

Aspidistra lurida Ker-Gawl.

千年竹

Description from Flora of China

Aspidistra kouytchensis H. Léveillé & Vaniot; A. kouytchensis var. aucubimaculata H. Léveillé; Macrogyne convallariifolia Link & Otto.

Rhizome terete, 4--10 mm thick. Leaves solitary; petiole 10--15 cm, stiff; leaf blade narrowly lanceolate, 15--22.5 × 3--5 cm. Scape arching, ca. 3 cm; bracts ca. 5, dark reddish. Flower solitary, nodding. Perianth dark purple, cupular-campanulate, 6-lobed apically; tube basally pale yellow-brown speckled with purple; lobes ovate-deltoid, shorter than tube, adaxially papillose. Stamens 6(--8), inserted proximally in perianth tube, positioned nearly level with stigma, subsessile. Pistil equaling perianth tube; ovary purple speckled; stigma peltate, orbicular, large, strongly convex adaxially, inconspicuously 4-lobed at margin, lobes entire at apex. 2 n = 36*.

* Rock crevices in limestone mountains; ca. 300 m. Guangdong, NC Guangxi (Liuzhou Shi), SC Guizhou (Guiding Xian).

生活型: 草本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 多年生草本;茎匍匐,多粗根;叶似竹叶,叶柄长达25厘米;花茎生,淡紫色

花期: 11

生境: 见生于铁炉坑山谷林下石上

用途: 根茎药用,散瘀止痛、祛风解毒,治刀枪伤、风湿痛、跌打骨折、浸润型肺结核、咳嗽等

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 单子叶植物纲

中文别名: 爬地蜈蚣


 

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