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Dinghushan | Family List | Agavaceae | Cordyline

Cordyline fruticosa (L.) Cheval.


Description from Flora of China

Convallaria fruticosa Linnaeus, Herb. Amb. 16. 1754; Aletris chinensis Lamarck; Asparagus terminalis Linnaeus, nom. illeg. (included C. fruticosa); Cordyline terminalis (Linnaeus) Kunth; C. terminalis var. ferrea (Linnaeus) Baker; Dracaena ferrea Linnaeus, nom. illeg. (included C. fruticosa); D. terminalis (Linnaeus) Linnaeus; Taetsia ferrea (Linnaeus) Medikus; T. fruticosa (Linnaeus) Merrill; T. terminalis (Linnaeus) W. Wight ex Safford.

Plants erect, shrubby. Stems simple or sometimes branched, 1--3 m × 1--3 cm. Leaves petiolate; petiole 10--30 cm, channeled adaxially, base dilated, clasping stem and other petiole bases; leaf blade green or variously colored, oblong-lanceolate, elliptic-lanceolate, or narrowly oblong, 25--50 × 5--10 cm, midvein distinct and raised abaxially, apex aristate. Panicle 30--60 cm; branches spreading, 6--13 cm, many flowered. Flowers subsessile or shortly pedicellate; pedicel (if distinct) to 4 mm, subtended by 3 bracteoles; bracteoles ovate, 2--3 mm, margin broadly membranous, apex cuspidate. Perianth reddish, yellowish, or bluish purple; tube 5--6 mm; lobes erect or recurved, nearly as long as tube. Stamens inserted in throat of perianth, scarcely exserted. Fruit reddish, several seeded. Fl. Nov--Mar.

Some authors have adopted the name Cordyline terminalis instead of C. fruticosa because of the apparent earlier homonym C. fruticosa Goeppinger (1855); however, the latter name was not validly published.

Widely cultivated, sometimes naturalized. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan [probably native to Pacific Islands but cultivated pantropically].

生活型: 灌木

栽培植物: 栽培

特征: 直立灌木

花期: 春夏

生境: 栽培

用途: 庭园绿化观赏植物;叶、花入药,凉血止血、散瘀止痛,治吐血、尿血、风湿、跌打、胃痛等

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 单子叶植物纲

中文别名: 朱蕉


Related Objects  

Flora of China  
  • Herbarium Specimen (MBG)
  • Specimen Image
  • Illustration
  • Illustration
  • Image (Gerald D. Carr)
  • Image/JPEG
  • Image (B. Hammel)
  • Image/JPEG

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