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Dinghushan | Family List | Smilacaceae | Smilax

Smilax glabra Roxb.

光叶菝葜

Description from Flora of China

Smilax blinii H. Léveillé; S. calophylla Wallich var. concolor C. H. Wright; S. dunniana H. Léveillé; S. glabra var. maculata Bodinier ex H. Léveillé; S. hookeri Kunth; S. mengmaensis R. H. Miao; S. trigona Warburg.

Vines climbing, unarmed. Stem branched, terete, 1--4 m, woody, smooth. Petiole 5--15(--30) cm, narrowly winged for 1/4--3/5 its length; abscission zone apical; tendrils well developed. Leaf blade elliptic- or ovate-lanceolate, 6--15 × 1--7 cm. Inflorescence of 1 umbel, basally not prophyllate; peduncle 1--5(--8) mm, strikingly shorter than petiole; umbels of both sexes 10--30(--60)-flowered, base thickened; bracteoles many. Male flowers: perianth greenish white, slightly 6-angled, scarcely open; outer tepals broadly obovate-orbicular, cucullate, ca. 2 × 3 mm, abaxially deeply channeled, inner ones ca. 1 mm wide, margin irregularly denticulate. Female flowers: inner tepals entire at margin; staminodes 3. Berries blue-black, 6--10 mm in diam., white powdery. Fl. Jul--Nov, fr. Nov--Apr.

The tuberlike rhizomes are used medicinally.

Forests, thickets, thinly forested slopes along valleys, river banks; 300--1800 m. Anhui, Fujian, S Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, ?S Shaanxi (Qin Ling), Sichuan, Taiwan, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [India, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam].

生活型: 藤本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 攀援藤本;

花期: 夏月

生境: 生于灌丛或林中

用途: 块茎含淀粉和单宁,可酿酒和作栲胶原料或制代食品;入药去湿解毒,治钩端螺旋体病、疮疖肿毒、淋浊、腹泻、风湿关节痛、湿疹以及解汞粉、银朱中毒;又作兽药治牛膨胀病、小猪白痢等

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 单子叶植物纲

中文别名: 土茯苓


 

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