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Dinghushan | Family List | Hypoxidaceae | Curculigo

Curculigo orchioides Gaertn.

仙茅

Description from Flora of China

Curculigo orchioides var. minor Bentham.

Rhizomes erect, subcylindric, ca. 10 × 1 cm. Leaves sessile or shortly petiolate; leaf blade lanceolate to linear, usually 10--45(--90) × 0.5--2.5 cm, laxly pilose or glabrous, base tapering, apex narrowly acuminate. Flowering stems nearly enclosed in base of sheathing petiole, 6--7 cm, pilose; bracts lanceolate, 2.5--5 cm, margin ciliate. Inflorescences umbel-like racemes, 4--6-flowered. Pedicel ca. 2 mm. Perianth yellow; segments oblong-lanceolate, 8--12 × 2.5--3 mm, outer ones sometimes abaxially laxly pilose. Stamens ca. 1/2 as long as perianth segments; filament 1.5--2.5 mm; anther 2--4 mm. Ovary narrowly oblong, to 7.5 mm, pilose. Stigma lobes longer than style. Berry subfusiform, 1.2--1.5 × ca. 0.6 cm; beak ca. 2.5 mm. Fl. and fr. Apr--Sep.

The rhizomes are used medicinally.

Forests, open grassy slopes; near sea level to 1600 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Zhejiang [Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Myanmar, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam].

生活型: 草本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 多年生草本;花黄色

花期: 夏月

生境: 生于山脊、路旁

用途: 根茎(有小毒)药用,壮阳补肾、散寒除湿,治腰膝冷痛、肾虚、遗精、风湿性关节炎及外敷疮毒等症

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 单子叶植物纲

中文别名: 独脚仙茅


 

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