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Dinghushan | Family List | Zingiberaceae | Curcuma

Curcuma longa L.

姜黄

Description from Flora of China

Curcuma domestica Valeton.

Plants ca. 1 m tall. Rhizomes many branched, orange or bright yellow, cylindric, aromatic; roots tuberous at tip. Petiole 20--45 cm; leaf blade green, oblong or elliptic, 30--45(--90) × 15--18 cm, glabrous, base attenuate, apex shortly acuminate. Inflorescences terminal on pseudostems; peduncle 12--20 cm; spike cylindric, 12--18 × 4--9 cm; fertile bracts pale green, ovate or oblong, 3--5 cm, apex obtuse; coma bracts spreading, white and green, sometimes tinged reddish purple, apex acute. Calyx white, 0.8--1.2 cm, puberulent, apex unequally 3-toothed. Corolla pale yellow; tube to 3 cm; lobes deltoid, 1--1.5 cm, central one larger, apex mucronate. Lateral staminodes shorter than labellum. Labellum yellowish with central, yellow band, obovate, 1.2--2 cm. Anther spurred at base. Ovary sparsely hairy. Fl. Aug.

Used medicinally and for spice.

Cultivated. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Xizang, Yunnan [native origin unknown; cultivated throughout tropical Asia].

生活型: 草本

栽培植物: 栽培

特征: 草本;

生境: 栽培

用途: 根块茎药用,行气破瘀、通经止痛、块根作郁金用

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 单子叶植物纲


 

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