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Dinghushan | Family List | Amaryllidaceae | Crinum

Crinum asiaticum var. sinicum Baker

文殊兰

Description from Flora of China

Crinum sinicum Roxburgh ex Herbert, Bot. Mag. 47: 7 sub t. 2121. 1820.

Herbs perennial, stout. Bulbs narrowly cylindric. Leaves 20--30, dark green, linear-lanceolate, ca. 100 × 7--12 cm, margin undulate, apex acuminate, sharply pointed. Flowering stem erect, nearly as long as leaves. Umbel 10--24-flowered; bracts linear, 3--7 mm; involucres 2, lanceolate, 6--10 cm, membranous. Flowers fragrant; pedicel 0.5--2.5 cm. Perianth salverform; tube greenish white, straight, 7--10 cm × ca. 2 mm; lobes white, linear, 4.5--9 × 0.6--0.9 cm, apex acuminate. Stamens reddish; filament 4--5 cm; anther linear, more than 1.5 cm, apex acuminate. Ovary fusiform, less than 2 cm. Capsule subglobose, 3--5 cm in diam. Seed often 1. Fl. summer.

The Chinese plant is widely cultivated as an ornamental and is used medicinally.

* Seashores, sandy places near river banks. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Taiwan.

生活型: 草本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 草本;

花期: 6

生境: 生于平地村旁或栽培

用途: 庭园绿化观赏;根、叶入药,行血散瘀、消肿止痛,治痔疮、跌打、痈疮等;又作兽药治牛吊胆病

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 单子叶植物纲

中文别名: 文珠兰


 

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