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Dinghushan | Family List | Basellaceae | Basella

Basella alba L.


Description from Flora of China

Basella rubra Linnaeus.

Herbs annual. Stems green or red, to 10 m, fleshy, glabrous. Petiole 1-3 cm; leaf blade ovate or rotund, 3-9 × 2-8 cm, base shallowly cordate or rotund, margin entire, apex acuminate. Spikes 3-15(-20) cm. Bracteoles oblong. Perianth red-dish or purplish, ovate-oblong, 3-4 mm, base pale, margin entire, apex blunt. Filaments white; anthers yellowish. Utricle red to dark red or black, 5-6 mm in diam., containing violet juice. Fl. May-Sep, fr. Jul-Oct.

Sometimes regarded as native, this species has long been cultivated as a vegetable and an ornamental. The juice is harmless and used as a food coloring. The plants are used medicinally.

Widely cultivated. in China, naturalized in S China [pantropical].

生活型: 藤本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 肉质、缠绕藤本;

花期: 12

果期: 9至翌年2月

生境: 生于平地、村旁、山脚路旁灌丛

用途: 叶作蔬菜;全株药用,治久病体弱、便秘、跌打损伤、大便出血、乳痈及疔疮等;花汁清热解毒,解痘毒,治乳头破裂;果汁可点染糕饼面食;小儿多食能乌发

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 藤莱、肥猪莱


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