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Dinghushan | Family List | Moraceae | Ficus

Ficus fistulosa Reinw. ex Bl.


Description from Flora of China

Ficus harlandii Bentham.

Small trees, evergreen; dioecious. Bark dark brown. Branchlets hispid. Stipules ovate-lanceolate, 1-2 cm. Leaves alternate; petiole (0.7-)1.5-4 cm; hispid or hirsute; leaf blade obovate to oblong, 10-20 × 4-8 cm, papery, abaxially sparsely pubescent or yellow tuberculate, adaxially glabrous, base obliquely cuneate to rounded, margin entire or undulate, apex mucronate; basal lateral veins short, secondary veins 6-9 on each side of midvein. Figs on short ± conic branchlets on main branches, reddish orange when mature, ± globose, 1.5-2 × 1.5-2.2 cm, subglabrous, smooth, apical pore not open; peduncle (0.5-)0.8-2.4 cm. Male flowers: few, near apical pore, shortly pedicellate; calyx lobes 3 or 4; stamen 1; filament short. Gall flowers: pedicellate; calyx lobes very short or absent; ovary obovate, smooth; style ± lateral, thin; stigma enlarged. Female flowers: perianth tubular, enclosing base of pedicel; style persistent, long, clavate. Achenes obliquely cubic, with small tubercles. Fl. May-Jul.

Forests, along streams, on rocks; 200-600 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Taiwan, Yunnan [Bangladesh, NE India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam].

生活型: 乔木

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 小乔木;叶椭圆状长椭圆形,基部圆形,背面有小凸点;花序生于老干上,

生境: 见于自然林中水旁

用途: 根、皮及叶入药,有补气、润肺、活血及渗湿利水之效,治跌打痨伤、小便不利、湿热腹泻等症

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 哈氏榕


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