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Dinghushan | Family List | Moraceae | Ficus

Ficus hirta Vahl

粗叶榕

Description from Flora of China

Ficus hibiscifolia Champion ex Bentham; F. hirsuta Roxburgh (1832), not Vellozo (1829); F. hirta var. brevipila Corner; F. hirta var. hibiscifolia (Champion ex Bentham) Chun; F. hirta var. imberbis Gagnepain; F. hirta var. palmatiloba (Merrill) Chun; F. hirta var. roxburghii (Miquel) King; F. katsumadae Hayata; F. palmatiloba Merrill; F. porteri H. Léveillé & Vaniot; F. quangtriensis Gagnepain; F. roxburghii Miquel; F. simplicissima Loureiro var. hirta (Vahl) Migo; F. tridactylites Gagnepain; F. triloba Buchanan-Hamilton ex J. O. Voigt.

Shrubs or small trees. Branchlets leafless in middle, golden yellow or brown hirsute. Stipules red, ovate-lanceolate, 1-3 cm, membranous, pubescent. Leaves alternate; petiole 1-8 cm, brown hirsute; leaf blade simple or palmately 3-5-lobed, 8-25 cm, glabrous or golden yellow hirsute, base cuneate, rounded, or shallowly cordate, margin entire or with small serrations, apex acute to acuminate; basal lateral veins 2-4, secondary veins 4-7 on each side of midvein. Figs axillary on normal leafy shoots, paired, globose to ± globose, 1-3(-3.5) cm in diam., with long stiff spreading golden yellow or brown hairs and also pubescent, sometimes subglabrous, apical pore navel-like when young, sessile; involucral bracts caducous or persistent, ovate-lanceolate, 1.5-3 mm, with bent hairs, apex acute. Male and gall flowers sessile or shortly pedicellate. Male flowers: pedicellate or sessile; calyx lobes 4, red, lanceolate; stamens 2 or 3; anthers ellipsoid, longer than filaments. Gall flowers: calyx lobes 4; ovary globose or ovoid-globose, smooth; style lateral, short; stigma funnelform. Female flowers: sessile or pedicellate; calyx lobes 4; style persistent, long, thin, attached on one side, slightly concave; stigma clavate. Achenes ellipsoid-globose, smooth.

Forests, forest margins.Low elevations. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, S Guizhou, Hainan, S Hunan, Jiangxi, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Bhutan, India, Indonesia, Myanmar, Nepal, Sikkim, Thailand, Vietnam].

生活型: 灌木

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 灌木;叶及果被粗毛,同型或3---5浅裂,

花期: 夏月

生境: 生于林缘、疏林及灌丛中

用途: 根可代黄芪,故又名"土北芪",健脾化湿、行气祛风,治跌打、风湿关节炎、肝炎、病后体弱、痨咳及催乳等;茎皮纤维可代麻

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 五指毛桃、粗毛榕、掌叶榕


 

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