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Dinghushan | Family List | Moraceae | Ficus

Ficus variegata Bl.

变色榕

Description from Flora of China

Ficus chlorocarpa Bentham (1861), not Miquel (1848); F. garciae Elmer; F. glochidiifolia Hayata; F. konishii Hayata; F. variegata f. rotundata Sata; F. variegata var. chlorocarpa Bentham ex King; F. variegata var. garciae (Elmer) Corner.

Trees, 7-15 m tall, d.b.h. 10-15(-17) cm; dioecious. Bark gray to grayish brown, smooth. Branchlets green, sparsely pubescent. Stipules ovate-lanceolate, 1-1.5 cm, glabrous. Leaves alternate; petiole 2.5-6.8 cm; leaf blade broadly ovate to ovate-elliptic, 10-17 cm, thickly papery, pubescent when young, base rounded to shallowly cordate, margin entire, undulate, or shallowly toothed, apex acute, acuminate, or obtuse; basal lateral veins 4, outer 2 thin and short, secondary veins 4-16 on each side of midvein. Figs clustered on shortly tuberculate branchlets from old stem, red, with green stripes and spots when mature, globose to depressed globose, 2.5-3.5 cm in diam., apex slightly depressed and navel-like, apical pore convex, bracts ovate; peduncle 2-4 cm, slender; involucral bracts caducous, scar ringlike. Male flowers: near apical pore; calyx lobes 3 or 4, broadly ovate; stamens 2, filaments basally connate. Gall flowers: near apical pore; calyx lobes connate, tubular, apically 4- or 5-lobed; ± covering ovary; ovary enclosed by calyx lobes; style lateral, short; stigma funnelform. Female flowers: calyx lobes 3 or 4, connate at base, thinly membranous, linear lanceolate; style persistent, as long as achenes; stigma clavate, glabrous. Achenes obovoid, finely tuberculate. Fl. winter.

Collections with white-spotted fruits have been named as var. garciae.

Valleys; Low to medium elevations. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Taiwan, S Yunnan [India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam; Australia, Pacific Islands].

生活型: 乔木, 灌木

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 灌木或小乔木;叶大,广卵形,边缘浅波形或具疏离的粗锯齿;花序生于干枝上,球形,顶端微凹扁,果熟时红黄色,具白色条纹和斑点,

生境: 生于自然林中

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 秤铊榕


 

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