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Dinghushan | Family List | Sterculiaceae | Firmiana

Firmiana simplex (L.) Wight

梧桐

Description from Flora of China

Hibiscus simplex Linnaeus, Sp. Pl., ed. 2, 2: 977. 1763; Firmiana platanifolia (Linnaeus f.) Schott & Endlicher; F. simplex var. glabra Hatusima; Sterculia firmiana J. F. Gmelin; S. platanifolia Linnaeus f.; S. pyriformis Bunge; S. simplex (Linnaeus) Druce.

Deciduous trees, up to 16 m tall; bark greenish, smooth. Petiole 15-30 cm; leaf blade cordate, palmately 3-5-lobed, 15-30 cm in diam., lobes triangular, both surfaces glabrous or minutely puberulent, basal veins 7, base cordate, apex acuminate. Inflorescence paniculate, terminal, 20-50 cm. Calyx yellowish green, 7-9 mm, divided nearly to base, lobes linear, twisted outward, abaxially puberulent and yellowish, adaxially villous only basally; pedicel nearly as long as calyx. Male flower: androgynophore as long as calyx, thicker in lower part, glabrous. Anthers 15, irregularly fascicled, pistillode pear-shaped and very small. Female flower: ovary globose, hairy. Follicle membranous, stalked, foliaceous, 6-11 × 1.5-2.5 cm, 2-4-seeded, abaxially puberulent or nearly glabrous. Seeds globose, ca. 7 mm in diam., wrinkled. Fl. Jun. 2n = 40*.

Widely cultivated. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Japan; cultivated in Europe and North America (United States)].

生活型: 乔木

栽培植物: 栽培

特征: 落叶乔木;

花期: 6

果期: 8

生境: 栽培

用途: 庭园行道绿化树种;木材轻韧,为制乐器、家具、木匣良材;根、叶可治风湿骨痛、跌打骨折、疮毒;叶煎汁内服有催生作用及治小儿疳积、白带;鲜花可敷治烫火伤、癞头(种子亦可),种子可治胃痛,外感发热、口疮、也可炒食及榨油;茎皮可驱蛔虫,树皮纤维可制麻织品、造纸、制绳等

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲


 

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