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Dinghushan | Family List | Rubiaceae | Morinda

Morinda brevipes S. Y. Hu

短柄巴戟天

Description from Flora of China

Lianas; young branches densely hirtellous or pilosulous, becoming glabrous, brown. Leaves opposite; petiole 3-10 mm, puberulent or hirtellous; blade drying papery or subleathery, adaxially straw-yellow or brownish black, abaxially olive-green, brownish yellow, or brownish red, obovate-oblong, obovate, oblanceolate, lanceolate, narrowly lanceolate, or linear-lanceolate, 5-10(-13) × 0.7-3(-4) cm, glabrous on both surfaces, shiny adaxially, matte abaxially, base cuneate to acute, apex acute or acuminate; secondary veins 5-7 pairs, with foveolate or pubescent domatia; stipules fused into a tube or spathe, 2-3 mm, puberulent, hispidulous, or hirtellous, truncate, on each side with 2 bristles 0.3-1 mm. Inflorescence terminal; peduncles 4-9, fasciculate to shortly racemiform, 4-10 mm, densely puberulent, as a group sometimes subtended by 2-4 stipuliform bracts; heads 1 per peduncle, conical or cylindrical to subglobose, 4-6 mm, 6-16-flowered. Flowers fused for ca. 1/2 length of hypanthium, biology not noted. Calyx puberulent to glabrescent; limb 0.3-0.5 mm, truncate to denticulate. Corolla white, campanulate, outside glabrous; tube ca. 2.5 mm; lobes 4 or 5, narrowly oblong, ca. 3 mm, apically thickened and rostrate. Drupecetum subglobose to cylindrical, 1-1.2 cm in diam. Drupes almost fully fused, orange, subglobose, 5-8 mm. Fl. Apr-May, fr. Jul-Dec.

● Hills, mountains; 200-800 m. Hainan.

生活型: 藤本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 藤本;根肉质,连珠状不大明显,表皮较粗糙,肉厚,淡紫色,味微甘;叶椭圆状长椭圆形,基部阔楔形,侧脉弯拱,除叶背面脉腋有束毛外,均无毛

花期: 夏月

生境: 生于灌丛或疏林中

用途: 根入药,壮阴补肾、祛风湿、强筋骨,治肾虚腰痛、风湿骨痛、阳萎、神经衰弱、遗精等

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲


 

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