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Dinghushan | Family List | Euphorbiaceae | Phyllanthus

Phyllanthus virgatus Forst. f.

黄珠子草

Description from Flora of China

Phyllanthus simplex Retzius; P. simplex var. virgatus (G. Forster) Müller Argoviensis.

Annual herbs, usually erect, sometimes prostrate, to 60(-100) cm tall, monoecious, glabrous throughout; stem usually slightly woody at base; branchlets angled. Stipules membranous, ovate-triangular, ca. 1 mm, brown; petiole short, nearly absent; leaf blade thinly leathery, linear-lanceolate, oblong, or narrowly elliptic, 5-25 × 2-7 mm, base slightly obliquely rounded, apex obtuse or acute; midrib raised abaxially, flattened adaxially, lateral veins obscure. Plants monoecious. Inflorescences bisexual axillary fascicles usually with 2-4 male and 1 female flower. Male flowers: pedicels ca. 2 mm; sepals 6, broadly ovate or rotund, ca. 0.5 mm; disk glands 6, oblong; stamens 3; filaments free; anthers subglobose. Female flowers: pedicels ca. 5 mm; sepals 6, ovate-oblong, ca. 1 mm, reflexed, purple with whitish membranous margins, persistent in fruit; disk orbicular, undivided; ovary globose, 3-celled, with raised scales, rarely smooth; styles 3, bifid nearly to base, usually recurved. Fruiting pedicels 5-12 mm; capsules oblate, 2-3 mm in diam., purple, with raised scales or smooth. Seeds trigonous, 1.2-1.5 mm, finely warty. Fl. Apr-May, fr. Jun-Nov.

All parts are used medicinally for infantile malnutrition caused by intestinal parasites.

Montane grass-slopes or mixed deciduous forests, savannas; 200-1400 m. Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; Pacific islands (Polynesia)].

生活型: 草本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 草本;枝条常自茎基部抽出,叶长矩形,近无柄,边缘稍背卷

果期: 8

生境: 见于七星岩、路旁草地上

用途: 全草治淋病、骨哽、小儿疳积;根治乳房脓肿

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲


 

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