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Dinghushan | Family List | Vitaceae | Vitis

Vitis flexuosa Thunb.

蔓山葡萄

Description from Flora of China

Vitis cavaleriei H. Léveillé & Vaniot; V. flexuosa var. chinensis Veitch; V. flexuosa f. parvifolia (Roxburgh) Planchon; V. flexuosa var. parvifolia (Roxburgh) Gagnepain; V. flexuosa var. wallichii (Candolle) F. S. Wang; V. parvifolia Roxburgh; V. purani Buchanan-Hamilton ex D. Don; V. vulpina Linnaeus var. parvifolia (Roxburgh) Regel; V. wallichii Candolle.

Branchlets terete, with longitudinal ridges, with sparse arachnoid tomentum when young, becoming glabrescent; tendrils bifurcate. Leaves simple; stipules caducous; petiole 1.5-7 cm, with sparse arachnoid tomentum or subglabrate; leaf blade ovate, triangular-ovate, oval, or ovate-elliptic, 2.5-12 × 2.3-10 cm, abaxially with sparse arachnoid tomentum when young, eventually glabrescent, basal veins 5, lateral veins 4 or 5 pairs, veinlets inconspicuous, base slightly subcordate or subtruncate, rarely cordate, often asymmetrical, leaves with cordate bases with obtusely angled notch, margin with 5-12 slightly irregular teeth on each side, apex acute or acuminate. Panicle leaf-opposed, loose, 4-12 cm, basal branches well developed, or short and slender; peduncle 2-5 cm, with sparse arachnoid tomentum or nearly glabrescent. Pedicel 1.1-2.5 mm, glabrous. Buds obovoid, 2-3 mm, apex rounded and subtruncate. Calyx glabrous, undulately lobed. Filaments filiform, 0.7-1.3 mm; anthers yellow, oval, 0.4-0.6 mm. Pistil abortive in male flowers; ovary oval; style short. Berry globose, 8-10 mm in diam. Seeds obovoid, apex subrounded, chalazal knot elliptic, raphe slightly raised and surface smooth, ventral holes furrowed upward 1/4 from base. Fl. Mar-May, fr. Jul-Nov. 2n = 38.

Forests, shrublands, hillsides, valleys, meadows, fields; 100-2300 m. Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Henan, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Shandong, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [India, Japan, Laos, Nepal, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam].

生活型: 藤本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 木质大藤本;

果期: 8

生境: 生于自然林中

用途: 全株药用,治关节酸痛,果、叶又可治咳嗽、吐血、食积;果可生食及酿酒;种子可榨油

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 葛?


 

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