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Dinghushan | Family List | Rutaceae | Zanthoxylum

Zanthoxylum avicennae (Lam.) DC.

狗花椒

Description from Flora of China

Fagara avicennae Lamarck, Encycl. 2: 445. 1788; Zanthoxylum avicennae var. tonkinense Pierre; Z. avicennae var. touranense Pierre; Z. lentiscifolium Champion ex Bentham.

Trees to 15 m tall, deciduous. Branchlets and leaves glabrous, with prickles. Leaves 11-21-foliolate; rachis winged; leaflet blades opposite or rarely subopposite, obliquely ovate, rhomboidal, obovate, or falcate, 2.5-7 × 1-3 cm, oil glands visible on fresh leaves or inconspicuous, margin entire or apically crenate, apex mucronate to blunt. Inflorescences terminal, many flowered; rachis purplish red. Flowers 5-merous. Pedicel purplish red. Perianth in 2 series. Sepals green, broadly ovate. Petals yellowish white, ca. 2.5 mm. Male flowers: stamens 5; rudimentary gynoecium disciform, 2-lobed. Female flowers: carpels 2(or 3); staminodes small. Fruit pedicel 3-6 mm; follicles pale purplish red, 4-5 mm in diam., oil glands numerous, large, and slightly protruding, apex not beaked. Seeds 3.5-4.5 mm in diam. Fl. Jun-Aug, fr. Oct-Dec.

Secondary forests in lowland flat areas, hillsides, valleys; 400-700 m. S Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, S Yunnan [India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam].

生活型: 乔木

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 小乔木;有刺,根土黄色,羽状复叶,小叶多数,油点不明显

花期: 4

果期: 冬月至翌春,

生境: 生于疏林灌丛或林中

用途: 根、叶、果入药,有行气止痛、活血祛瘀、祛风利湿,治风湿骨痛、跌打、肝炎疖肿等;农具用材;种子油供工业用

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 勒党、鹰不泊、画眉架


 

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