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Dinghushan | Family List | Euphorbiaceae | Jatropha

Jatropha podagrica Hook.


Description from Flora of China

Erect shrubs to 2 m tall, with woody stem swollen at base or lower part; branches stout and short, fleshy, sparsely lenticellate. Stipules spiniform, persistent leaf scar large and prominent; petiole 8-10 cm, glabrous; leaf blade peltate, rotund to elliptic, 8-18(-25) × 6-16 cm, nitid green adaxially, gray-green abaxially, glabrous on both surfaces, base truncate or obtuse, margin entire or shallowly 2-6-lobed, apex obtuse; palmate veins 6-8. Inflorescences terminal, long pedunculate, branching short, red; calyx ca. 2 mm; sepals rotund, ca. 1 mm; petals obovate-oblong, ca. 6 mm, red; stamens 6-8, connate at base; anthers nearly as long as filaments; ovary glabrous; styles 3, connate at base, bifid at apex. Capsules ellipsoidal, 1.3-1.8 × ca. 1.5 cm, with 3 longitudinal grooves. Seeds ca. 1.1 cm, smooth. Fl. and fr. almost throughout year.

All parts are used as medicine for reduction of swelling, for pain relief, and to detoxify snakebites.

Cultivated for medicine and ornamental purposes. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Yunnan [native to Central America; widely introduced].

生活型: 灌木

栽培植物: 栽培

特征: 茎基部肉质膨大,叶盾状;花红色

花期: 11

生境: 栽培

用途: 庭园绿化花木

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲


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