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Dinghushan | Family List | Euphorbiaceae | Mallotus

Mallotus philippensis (Lam.) Muell.-Arg.

粗糠柴

Description from Flora of China

Shrubs or small trees, 2-15 m tall. Branchlets, petiole, and inflorescences yellow-brownish stellate-tomentose. Stipules small, ca. 1 mm; petiole 2-9 cm; leaf blade ovate to lanceolate, 5-20 × 3-6 cm, leathery, adaxially glabrescent, abaxially gray-yellow tomentulose and sparsely red glandular-scaly, base cuneate or obtuse, with 2-4 basal glands, margin subentire, apex acuminate; basal veins 3. Male inflorescences unbranched, 5-10 cm; bracts triangular, ca. 1 mm. Male flowers 1-5-fascicled; pedicel 1-2 mm; calyx lobes 3 or 4, oblong, ca. 2 mm, tomentulose; stamens 15-30. Female inflorescences 3-8 cm, 10-15 cm in fruit; bracts triangular, ca. 1 mm. Female flowers: pedicel ca. 2 mm; calyx lobes 3-5, subovate, ca. 3 mm, tomentose; ovary tomentose and red glandular-scaly; styles 3, 3-4 mm, plumose. Capsule subglobose, 8-10 mm in diam., (2 or)3-locular, covered with a red glandular-scaly layer. Seeds subglobose, ca. 4 mm in diam., black. Fl. Mar-May, fr. Jun-Aug.

Mountain slopes or valleys, limestone hills or river valleys, forests; 300-1600 m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; N Australia].

生活型: 乔木

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 小乔木;小枝及叶柄被褐色星状柔毛,叶柄长,两端膨大,叶基部有2腺体及基出3脉,横脉近平行状,叶背密生红色透明腺点及短星状毛,果也有腺点

果期: 秋冬月

生境: 见于九坑山谷林中

用途: 果上的红色腺毛及星状毛茸入药(有毒),为驱虫及缓下剂,又治烂疮、跌打、风湿;根、干皮及果毛又作红色染料;种子油供制皂及润滑油;树皮、叶可提取栲 胶;韧皮纤维可供造纸等原料;木材可作车辆、家具用材;紫胶虫寄主植物

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲


 

Related Objects  

Flora of Pakistan  
  • Illustration (M. Rafiq)
  • Illustration

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