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Dinghushan | Family List | Thymelaeaceae | Wikstroemia

Wikstroemia indica (L.) C. A. Mey.

了哥王

Description from Flora of China

Daphne indica Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 357. 1753; Capura purpurata Linnaeus; D. aquilaria Blanco; D. cannabina Loureiro (1790), not Wallich (1820); D. rotundifolia Linnaeus f.; Eriosolena viridiflora Zollinger & Moritzi; Wikstroemia forsteri Decaisne; W. indica var. viridiflora J. D. Hooker; W. ovalifolia Decaisne; W. ovata Fernández-Villar (1880), not C. A. Meyer (1843); W. valbrayi H. Léveillé; W. viridiflora Meisner.

Shrubs 0.5-2 m or more tall. Branches reddish brown, glabrous. Leaves opposite; petiole ca. 1 mm; leaf blade reddish brown on both surfaces when dried, obovate, elliptic-oblong, or lanceolate, 2-5 × 0.5-1.5 cm, papery to thinly leathery, both surfaces glabrous, base broadly or narrowly cuneate, apex obtuse or acute; lateral veins dense, slender, at narrow angle to midrib. Inflorescences terminal, capitate, several flowered; peduncle 0.5-1 cm, glabrous. Pedicel 1-2 mm. Calyx yellowish green, 7-12 mm, exterior glabrescent; lobes 4, broadly ovate to oblong, ca. 3 mm, apex acute or obtuse. Stamens 8. Disk scales often 2 or 4. Ovary obovoid or ellipsoid, glabrous or apex sparsely pubescent; style very short; stigma capitate. Drupe red to dark purple, ellipsoid, 7-8 mm. Fl. and fr. summer-autumn.

See Halda (Genus Daphne, 145-146. 2001) for a more extensive synonymy of this widespread and variable, apomictic species.

Forests, rocky shrubby slopes; below 1500 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hunan, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [India, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam; Australia, Pacific islands east to Fiji; Mauritius, Sri Lanka (introduced)].

生活型: 灌木

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 灌木;果熟时红色

果期: 12

生境: 生于灌丛、旷野、路旁、田边

用途: 全株有毒!药用,清热解毒,消肿散结,根、叶外敷治跌打肿伤、疮痈、蛇及蜈蚣咬伤,根内服治热症、麻疯、风湿、哮喘、腮腺炎等,也可作杀虫除蝇农药;兽医用治牛毒疮、猪丹毒,喘气病及鸡白痢等;茎皮纤维可造纸和制人造棉;种子油可制肥皂;全株可作毒鱼药

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 山雁皮、南岭荛花、岗甩麻(高要)


 

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