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Dinghushan | Family List | Fumariaceae | Corydalis

Capparis versicolor Griff.

屈头鸡

Description from Flora of China

Capparis koi Merrill & Chun.

Shrubs or vines, (1.3-)2-10 m tall, 4-6 cm d.b.h. New branches shortly brown pubescent, glabrescent, but in petiole and node always with residual trichomes. Stipular spines stout, flat or slightly recurved, apex black, sometimes reduced to papillary raised area. Petiole 5-9 mm; leaf blade elliptic to oblong-elliptic, 3.5-8 × 1.5-3.5 cm, subleathery, midvein abaxially pale yellow, raised, and adaxially narrow and impressed, secondary veins 6-9 on each side of midvein, abaxially nearly flush, and adaxially slightly raised, reticulate veins sparse and not obvious, base cuneate, apex acute to obtuse and often emarginate. Inflorescences axillary and/or terminal, umbelliform corymbs, (1 or)2-5-flowered; peduncle 1-5 cm, stout, often with sharply ridged angles, apex often with (1 or)2(or 3) reduced leaves. Flowers fragrant. Pedicel 1.5-3 cm, stout. Sepals 9-11 × 8-10 mm, glabrous; sepals of outer whorl inwardly concave to navicular, nearly orbicular; sepals of inner whorl elliptic. Petals white, purple, or pink, nearly orbicular to obovate, 1.2-1.7 × 0.7-1.4 cm, glabrous or inside shortly pubescent near base. Stamens 50-70; filaments 2.5-3.5[-4.5] cm; anthers 1.5-2.3 mm. Gynophore 3-5 cm, glabrous; ovary ellipsoid, ca. 2 mm, glabrous; placentae 4; ovules many. Fruit black, globose, 3-5 cm in diam., scabrous, sometimes with a few nodulate verrucose raised areas; pericarp 2-3 mm thick, solid when dry; fruiting pedicel and gynophore 3-5 mm in diam., thickened, woody. Seeds ca. 15 per fruit, nearly polygonal, 1.7-2.4 × 1.2-1.5 × 0.9-1.2 cm. Fl. Apr-Jul, fr. (Jul-)Aug-Feb(-Apr).

Slightly dry areas, sandy areas, scattered forests or among shrubs; 100-1000 m. Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan [India (Assam), Malaysia (peninsular), Myanmar, S Thailand, Vietnam].

生活型: 灌木

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 攀援灌木;果球形,果熟时红色,种子大而有尖喙,似小鸡头

花期: 6

果期: 冬月

生境: 生于草塘林中

用途: 果药用,治喉炎,喉痛,但有毒,用时宜慎

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲


 

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