4. Deparia Hooker & Greville, Icon. Filic. 2(8). 1829.
[Greek depas, saucer, referring to the saucerlike indusium of the type species, Deparia prolifera, which is aberrant in the genus]
Plants terrestrial. Stems creeping, stolons absent. Leaves monomorphic, dying back in winter. Petiole 1/3--2/3 length of blade, base swollen and persisting as trophopod over winter or not; vascular bundles 2, lateral, lunate in cross section. Blade elliptic to ovate-lanceolate, 1-pinnate-pinnatifid [pinnatifid to 3-pinnate-pinnatifid], gradually reduced distally to pinnatifid apex, herbaceous. Pinnae not articulate to rachis, segment margins entire, crenulate, or serrate; proximal pinnae (several pairs) reduced or not, sessile, equilateral; costae adaxially shallowly grooved, grooves not continuous with that of rachis; indument on rachis and costae (both sides) of multicellular hairs. Veins free, simple or forked. Sori on veins, elongate, ± straight, or hooked at distal end; indusia linear, laterally attached, persistent. Spores brownish, broadly winged. x = 40.
Species ca. 50 (2 in the flora): North America, e Asia, se and tropical Africa including Madagascar, Pacific Islands, Australia.
Petiole bases are swollen and toothed in sect. Lunathyrium (Koidzumi) M. Kato but not or only slightly thickened and without teeth in sects. Athyriopsis (Ching) M. Kato, Deparia , and Dryoathyrium (Ching) M. Kato.
Two American species, one native and the other introduced, are usually placed in Athyrium or Diplazium . The genus Deparia , however, including these two species, is sufficiently distinct to warrant generic separation because of its nondecurrent costal grooves and the presence of multicellular hairs on blades (M. Kato 1984).
Kato, M. 1984. A taxonomic study of the athyrioid fern genus Deparia with main reference to the Pacific species. J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 13: 375--430.