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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Piperaceae

1. Piper Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 28. 1753; Gen. Pl. ed. 5, 18, 1754.

Small trees, shrubs, subshrubs, or rarely herbs , erect or reclining, glabrous or pubescent. Leaves alternate, pubescent. Leaf blade conspicuously pinnately veined, lateral veins ascending-arching, connected by fainter, ladderlike, tertiary veins. Spikes opposite leaves, ascending-arching, densely flowered, distally drooping. Flowers sessile, borne on surface of rachis; floral bracts fringed with whitish hairs; stamens 2[-6]; stigmas [2-]3[-4]. Fruits sessile, oblong (inversely pyramidal-3-angled in P. auritum ); beak minute.

Species 1000 (2 in the flora): primarily tropics and subtropics.

This genus includes Piper nigrum Linnaeus, the source of black pepper and white pepper.

Measurements for spike length in all descriptions include the peduncle.

1 Leaf blade obliquely rounded to obliquely cuneate at base; petiole not winged.   1 Piper aduncum
+ Leaf blade narrowly and deeply obliquely cordate at base; petiole winged at base.   2 Piper auritum

Lower Taxa


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