41. Youngia Cassini, Ann. Sci. Nat. (Paris). 23: 88. 1831.
[For "deux Anglais célèbres, l’un comme poète, l’autre comme physicien," both named Young; the poet may have been Edward Young (also dramatist), 1683–1765; the physician may have been Thomas Young (also physicist and Egyptologist), 1773–1829]
Phyllis L. Spurr
Annuals, biennials [perennials], (10–)20–90+ cm; taprooted. Stems 1–5+, erect (often scapiform), usually branched distally, sometimes throughout, proximally glabrous, puberulent, or tomentose. Leaves all or mostly basal; petiolate (petiole bases often dilated, ± clasping); blades oblong or ovate to oblanceolate, margins usually pinnately lobed (± lyrate), ultimate margins denticulate. Heads (4–150) in corymbiform to paniculiform arrays. Peduncles (filiform) not distally inflated, seldom bracteate. Calyculi of 3–5+, deltate to ovate (membranous) bractlets. Involucres cylindric to campanulate, 2–3+ mm diam. Phyllaries usually 8 in 1–2 series, lanceolate to linear, ± equal (reflexed in fruit), margins ± scarious, apices obtuse to acute. Receptacles flat to convex, ± pitted, glabrous, epaleate. Florets 8–25+; corollas yellow, sometimes abaxially purplish (anther bases with linear, acute auricles). Cypselae ± reddish brown, ± fusiform and compressed [± terete], weakly or not beaked, ribs 11–13, ± spiculate to scabrellous on ribs; pappi (borne on discs at tips of cypselae) persistent (fragile) [falling], of 40–60+, basally coherent [distinct], white [yellowish or grayish], subequal, smooth to barbellulate bristles in ± 1 series. . = 5 or 8.
Species ca. 30 (1 in the flora): introduced; Asia; introduced also in South America, Europe, Africa, Pacific Islands, Australia.
Youngia americana Babcock (based on a specimen from Alaska) has not been used as an accepted name for plants in the flora area; it was treated as a synonym of Crepis nana var. lyratifolia (Turczaninow) Hultén by E. Hultén (1968).
Babcock, E. B. and G. L. Stebbins. 1937. The genus Youngia. Publ. Carnegie Inst. Wash. 484.