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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 6 | Calophyllaceae | Calophyllum

1. Calophyllum inophyllum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 513. 1753.
[F I]

Mastwood Mastwood

Trees usually with relatively short trunks and spreading branches, 7–25(–35) m. Leaves: petiole broadened and flattened toward blade, 10–25 mm; blade bright green, elliptic-oblong to obovate, 8–20 × 4.5–12 cm, base cuneate to rounded, finally decurrent, margins ± undulate, apex rounded to retuse, lateral veins prominent on both surfaces. Inflorescences in distal axils, 3–12-flowered. Flowers 2 cm diam.; sepals reflexed, outer pair orbiculate, 7–8 mm, inner pair obovate, ± petaloid, 10 mm; petals 4, white, obovate, 9–12 mm; ovary globose. Drupes green, globose to obovoid, 2.5–5 × 2–4 cm; stone subspheric, smooth. 2n = 32.

Flowering summer. Wetlands, especially coastal; 0–20 m; introduced; Fla.; s Asia (India, Sri Lanka); e Africa; Indian Ocean Islands (Madagascar); Pacific Islands.

Calophyllum inophyllum occurs in southern Florida; it is widely planted and possibly naturalized. The smaller-flowered C. antillana Jacquin has also been recorded as seminaturalized on the keys.


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