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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 21 | Asteraceae | Galinsoga

2. Galinsoga quadriradiata Ruiz & Pavón, Syst. Veg. Fl. Peruv. Chil. 1: 198. 1798.

Galinsoga bicolorata H. St. John & D. White; G. caracasana (de Candolle) Schultz-Bipontinus; G. ciliata (Rafinesque) S. F. Blake

Plants 8–62 cm. Leaf blades 20–60 × 15–45 mm. Peduncles 5–20 mm. Involucres hemispheric to campanulate, 3–6 mm diam. Phyllaries falling. Paleae: outer falling, broadly elliptic to obovate, 2–3 mm; inner falling, linear to lanceolate, 2–3 mm, entire or 2- or 3-lobed, lobes to 1/3 total lengths, blunt. Ray florets (4–)5(–8); corollas usually white, sometimes pink, laminae 0.9–2.5 × 0.9–2 mm. Disc florets 15–35. Cypselae: rays 1.5–2 mm; discs 1.3–1.8 mm; pappi: rays of 6–15 fimbriate scales 0.5–1 mm; discs 0, or of usually 14–20, rarely 1–5, white, lanceolate to oblanceolate, fimbriate, sometimes aristate, scales 0.2–1.7 mm. 2n = 32 [48, 64].

Flowering and fruiting summer–fall. Disturbed soils, fields, orchards, gardens, lawns, roadsides; 0–2500 m; introduced; Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask.; Ala., Ark., Colo., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Mo., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis.; Mexico; West Indies; Central America; South America; introduced in Europe; Asia; Africa; Pacific Islands.

Tetraploids of Galinsoga quadriradiata are native to Mexico. Higher polyploids are found in South America and differ from the tetraploids by their coarsely crenate-serrate leaves, cylindro-campanulate involucres, and usually reddish purple limbs of ray corollas that extend at right angles to involucres.


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