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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 2 | Aspleniaceae | Asplenium

21. Asplenium trichomanes-ramosum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 1082. 1753.

Green spleenwort, doradille verte

Asplenium viride Hudson

Roots not proliferous. Stems short-creeping or ascending, frequently branched; scales dark reddish brown to blackish throughout, narrowly deltate, 2--4 × 0.2--0.4 mm, margins entire to undulate or with widely spaced shallow teeth. Leaves monomorphic. Petiole reddish brown at base, green distally, lustrous, 1--5(--6) cm, 1/4--1/2(--1) times length of blade; indument of dark reddish brown to black, narrowly deltate scales grading into glandular hairs. Blade linear, 1-pinnate throughout, 2--13 × 0.6--1.2 cm, thin, glabrous or with sparse minute hairs; base slightly tapering or truncate; apex acute, not rooting. Rachis green throughout, dull, glabrous or with scattered hairs as on petioles. Pinnae in 6--21 pairs, deltate to rhombic; medial pinnae 5--6 × 4--5 mm; base obtuse and often inequilateral; distal margins crenate; apex rounded to acute. Veins free, evident. Sori 2--4 pairs per pinna, on both basiscopic and acroscopic sides. Spores 64 per sporangium. 2 n = 72.

Limestone and other basic rocks; 0--4000 m; Greenland; Alta., B.C., N.B., Nfld., N.W.T., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Yukon; Alaska, Calif., Colo., Idaho, Maine, Mich., Mont., Nev., N.Y., Oreg., S.Dak., Utah, Vt., Wash., Wis., Wyo.

Hybridization between Asplenium trichomanes-ramosum and A . trichomanes produces the fertile allotetraploid A . adulterinum , which occurs on Vancouver Island.


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