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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 2 | Ophioglossaceae | Botrychium

7. Botrychium oneidense (Gilbert) House, Amer. Midl. Naturalist. 7: 126. 1905.

Blunt-lobed grapefern, botryche d'oneida

Botrychium ternatum (Thunberg) Swartz var. oneidense Gilbert, Fern Bull. 9: 27. 1901; B. dissectum Sprengel var. oneidense (Gilbert) Farwell; B. multifidum (S.G. Gmelin) Ruprecht var. oneidense (Gilbert) Farwell

Trophophore stalk 2--15 cm, 1.5--2.5 times length of blade rachis; blade dull bluish green, ± plane, 2--3-pinnate, to 15 × 20 cm, ± leathery. Pinnae to 5 pairs, usually remote, horizontal to ascending, distance between 1st and 2d pinnae not or slightly more than between 2d and 3d pairs, undivided except in proximal 2/3--3/4. Pinnules obliquely ovate, margins finely crenulate to denticulate, apex rounded to acute, venation pinnate. Sporophores 2--3-pinnate, 1.5--2.5 times length of trophophore. 2 n =90.

Leaves green over winter, sporophores seasonal, new leaves appearing in spring. In moist, shady, acidic woods and swamps; 0--1200 m; N.B., Ont., Que.; Conn., Del., D.C., Ind., Ky., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., R.I., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.

Botrychium oneidense commonly occurs with B . dissectum and B . multifidum . Young individuals of both may resemble B . oneidense (W.H. Wagner Jr. 1961b).


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