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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 26 | Orchidaceae | Eulophia

1. Eulophia alta (Linnaeus) Fawcett & Rendle, Fl. Jamaica. 1: 112. 1910.

Wild coco

Limodorum altum Linnaeus, Syst. Nat. ed. 12, 594. 1767; Cyrtopera longifolia (Kunth) Reichenbach f.; C. woodfordii (Sims) Lindley; Cyrtopodium woodfordii Sims; Dendrobium longifolium Kunth; Eulophia woodfordii (Sims) Rolfe; Platypus altus (Linnaeus) Small; P. papilliferus Small

Plants 70–170 cm. Leaves linear-elliptic to narrowly ovate, 20–120 × 3–11 cm, apex acuminate. Inflorescences erect, to 1 m; bracts narrowly ovate to filiform, 1–3 cm. Flowers many, 1.5–2.5 cm wide; sepals light green, very narrowly elliptic to narrowly obovate, apex acuminate to apiculate; lateral sepals slightly oblique, adnate to column foot; petals spreading, green or green with pink overflush, 13 × 7 mm, broader than sepals; lip red-maroon, concave, saccate, 11–17 × 18–28 mm, slightly to conspicuously 3-lobed, middle lobe apically obtuse, margins undulate, lateral lobes partially enclosing column; disc with erect lamellae; column 7–10 mm. Capsules ellipsoid, to 6 cm.

Flowering summer--fall. Moist sand and rich soils, in shaded to sunny habitats, swamps, pastures, and roadside ditches; 10--200[--2000] m; Fla., Ga.; Mexico; West Indies; Central America; South America; tropical Africa.


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