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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 7 | Brassicaceae | Streptanthus

17. Streptanthus glandulosus Hooker, Icon. Pl. 1: plate 40. 1836.

Erysimum glandulosum (Hooker) Kuntze; Euklisia glandulosa (Hooker) Greene

Annuals; (usually glaucous distally), often sparsely to densely hirsute proximally, sometimes glabrous throughout. Stems unbranched or branched throughout, 1.5-12 dm. Basal leaves (soon withered); not rosulate; petiolate (petiole winged); blade lanceolate to oblanceolate, 1-15 cm, base narrowed to petiole, margins coarsely dentate to ± lobed. Cauline leaves: blade linear-lanceolate to lanceolate or oblanceolate, 1-12 cm × 1-11 mm, (smaller distally), blade auriculate to amplexicaul, margins entire or coarsely dentate, (often entire distally). Racemes ebracteate, (lax, secund or not, rachis usually straight, rarely flexuous). Fruiting pedicels ascending to divaricate or spreading, (straight or recurved), 2-32 mm, (glabrous or pubescent). Flowers (zygomorphic); calyx urceolate; sepals white, greenish white, cream, yellow, rose, purple, lilac, maroon, reddish purple, or purple-black, (lanceolate to broadly ovate), (3-)5-10 (-13) mm, not keeled, (glabrous or sparsely hirsute); petals lavender, purple, or white (sometimes with brown or purple veins), 7-17 mm, blade 2-7 × 1-3 mm, (subequal or adaxial pair distinctly longer, more recurved), margins crisped, claw 5-13 mm, wider than blade; stamens in 3 unequal pairs; filaments: abaxial pair (distinct), 4-9 mm, lateral pair 2.5-7 mm, adaxial pair (exserted, connate 2/3 their length), 5-13 mm; anthers: abaxial and lateral pairs fertile, 1-2.5 mm, adaxial pair sterile, 0.3-1 mm; gynophore 0.2-1.5 mm. Fruits ascending to divaricate or spreading, smooth, straight, curved upward, or arcuate, flattened, 3-11 cm × 1.5-2.5 mm; valves each with prominent midvein, (glabrous or sparsely to moderately hirsute); replum straight; ovules 22-70 per ovary; style 0.1-2.5 mm; stigma subentire. Seeds ovoid to oblong, 1.5-2.1 × 1-1.5 mm; wing 0.1-0.5 mm wide, continuous.

Subspecies 8 (8 in the flora): w United States.

1 Stems proximally and cauline leaf blade surfaces glabrous; sepals purple-black; rachises flexuous; fruiting pedicels 10-32 mm.   17e Streptanthus glandulosus subsp. niger
+ Stems proximally and cauline leaf blade surfaces usually sparsely to densely hirsute (cauline leaves glabrous in subsp. albidus); sepals white, greenish white, cream, yellow, lilac, lavender, rose, purple, maroon, or reddish purple; rachises straight; fruiting pedicels 2-15 mm   (2)
2 (1) Racemes not secund   (3)
+ Racemes secund   (4)
3 (2) Sepals reddish purple, dark maroon, or lilac-lavender; San Luis Obispo County north into Lake, Mendocino, Santa Clara counties.   17a Streptanthus glandulosus subsp. glandulosus
+ Sepals white, greenish white, or pale yellow; Santa Clara County.   17b Streptanthus glandulosus subsp. albidus
4 (2) Sepals lavender to rose or purple   (5)
+ Sepals greenish white, white, cream, or pale yellow   (6)
5 (4) Fruiting pedicels 5-15 mm; fruits spreading to reflexed, arcuate; filaments: adaxial pair 7-10 mm; Sonoma County.   17c Streptanthus glandulosus subsp. hoffmanii
+ Fruiting pedicels 2-5 mm; fruits divaricate to ascending, curved upward; filaments: adaxial pair 6-8 mm; Marin County.   17f Streptanthus glandulosus subsp. pulchellus
6 (4) Petals 7-8 mm; filaments: adaxial pair 5-6 mm; fruits divaricate-ascending, straight or curved inwards; Josephine County, Oregon.   17d Streptanthus glandulosus subsp. josephinensis
+ Petals 10-17 mm; filaments: adaxial pair 7-10 mm; fruits spreading to reflexed, arcuate; Marin, Napa, Sonoma counties, California   (7)
7 (6) Sepals greenish white with lavender or purplish base; petals with purple veins; Marin, Napa counties.   17g Streptanthus glandulosus subsp. secundus
+ Sepals cream or pale yellow, without purplish or lavender base; petals without purple veins; Sonoma County.   17h Streptanthus glandulosus subsp. sonomensis

Lower Taxa


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