All Floras      Advanced Search
FOC Vol. 10 Page 2, 165, 181 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 10 | Fabaceae

73. Callerya Endlicher, Gen. Pl., Suppl. 3: 104. 1843.

鸡血藤属 ji xue teng shu

Authors: Zhi Wei & Les Pedley

Marquartia Vogel, Nov. Actorum Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 19(Suppl. 1): 35. 1843, non Hasskarl (1842); Adinobotrys Dunn; Padbruggea Miquel; Whitfordia Elmer (1910), not Murrill (1908); Whitfordiodendron Elmer.

Lianas, scandent shrubs, or rarely trees. Stipules glabrous, mostly deciduous. Leaves imparipinnate; stipels narrowly triangular, persistent or deciduous; leaflets (sub)opposite. Flowers neither paired nor clustered, in axillary or terminal racemes, sometimes forming axillary or terminal panicles; bracts shorter or longer than corresponding flower, usually deciduous; bracteoles on calyx or rarely on distal part of pedicel, persistent or not. Calyx usually truncate with short teeth. Corolla standard glabrous to densely sericeous outside, Chinese taxa with or without basal calluses, basally reflexed; wings and keel petals ± equally long; wings often partially adnate to keel. Stamens diadelphous; vexillary filament free from other 9. Ovary sometimes stipitate. Legume indehiscent or tardily dehiscent, thin to thickly woody, flat or inflated; sutures not winged, sometimes thickened. Seeds 1-9 per legume, roundish; radicle folded.

About 30 species: S and SE Asia, Australia, New Guinea; 18 species (ten endemic) in China.

1 Standard outside glabrous   (2)
+ Standard outside densely sericeous   (8)
2 (1) Calyx densely sericeous, hirsute, or tomentose; ovary sericeous or tomentose   (3)
+ Calyx sparsely pubescent; ovary glabrous   (5)
3 (2) Leaflets 7, blades 4-8 × 1-2 cm, apex acuminate to caudate; flowers ca. 1.8 cm; corolla yellow.   3 C. fordii
+ Leaflets 7-13, blades 4-13 × 1-4 cm, apex acute; flowers 2.5-3.5 cm; corolla white, creamy, pale pink, or lilac   (4)
4 (3) Leaflet blades shiny, glabrous on adaxial surface, rusty pubescent and glabrescent on abaxial surface; ovules numerous; standard with 2 basal calluses.   1 C. speciosa
+ Leaflet blades villous on both surfaces; ovules 4-6; standard without basal calluses.   2 C. bonatiana
5 (2) Stipules inserted at tip of persistent gibbosity on stem   (6)
+ Stipules not inserted at tip of persistent gibbosity on stem   (7)
6 (5) Calyx pubescent; legume carmine when dry, oblong, 10-11 cm, convex, suture thickened; panicles ca. 30 cm.   4 C. eurybotrya
+ Calyx glabrescent; legume blackened when dry, linear, ca. 15 cm, flat, suture not thickened; panicles 10-20 cm.   5 C. reticulata
7 (5) Panicle terminal, branchlets ascending; corolla yellowish white with a pink halo; leaf blade glabrous and shiny, abaxially pale green when dry, secondary and tertiary veins distinct and raised on both surfaces, apex acuminate to caudate.   6 C. championii
+ Racemes axillary, pendulous; corolla white or purple; leaf blade flat and rough, abaxially dull grayish green when dry, secondary and tertiary veins indistinct, apex acute.   7 C. kiangsiensis
8 (1) Leaflets 3(or 5)   (9)
+ Leaflets 5 or 7 (3 or 5 in C. dorwardii)   (10)
9 (8) Stipels absent; leaflet blades subleathery.   8 C. tsui
+ Stipels present; leaflet blades papery.   13 C. sphaerosperma
10 (8) Legume flat, not distinctly contracted between seeds; seeds lenticular   (11)
+ Legume inflated, usually distinctly contracted between seeds; seeds globose or reniform   (14)
11 (10) Panicles straight, branchlets contiguous, flowers closely arranged   (12)
+ Panicles spreading, branchlets slender, flowers laxly arranged   (13)
12 (11) Corolla violet to purple; legume stipitate, brown tomentose; leaflet blades ovate-lanceolate or oblong, subleathery; stipels subulate, ca. 2 mm.   16 C. nitida
+ Corolla white or pale pink; legume sessile, gray hirsute; leaflet blades broadly elliptic to ovate, papery; stipels filiform, 5-6 mm.   17 C. congestiflora
13 (11) Leaflets (5 or)7, blades caudate at apex; panicles long pedunculate.   15 C. longipedunculata
+ Leaflets 5, blades acute at apex; panicles subsessile.   18 C. dielsiana
14 (10) Branchlets, leaf rachises, and leaflet blades abaxially with dense trichomes, not glabrescent; legume densely brown tomentose   (15)
+ Branchlets, leaf rachises, and leaflet blades abaxially with sparse trichomes or glabrescent; legume gray pubescent, yellow tomentose, or gray tomentose   (16)
15 (14) Leaflet blades 4-8 cm wide, abaxially brown velutinous; legume 2-2.5 cm wide.   9 C. oosperma
+ Leaflet blades 1.8-3 cm wide, abaxially rusty tomentose; legume ca. 1.5 cm wide.   14 C. sericosema
16 (14) Panicles compact, branchlets congested; legume not contracted between seeds.   12 C. dorwardii
+ Panicles lax, branchlets spread out; legume contracted between seeds   (17)
17 (16) Floriferous branchlets slender; leaflet blades obovate; petiolules ca. 4 mm; stipels ca. 4 mm.   10 C. cinerea
+ Floriferous branchlets straight; leaflet blades oblong; petiolules 2-3 mm; stipels ca. 1 mm.   11 C. gentiliana

  • List of lower taxa


    Related Objects  
  • Callerya (PDF)
  • PDF

  • Flora of China @
    Browse by
    Advanced Search

    Flora of China Home




     |  eFlora Home |  People Search  |  Help  |  ActKey  |  Hu Cards  |  Glossary  |