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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 14 | Ericaceae

2. Chimaphila Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 1: 279. 1814.

喜冬草属 xi dong cao shu

Qin Haining (覃海宁); Peter F. Stevens

Chimaza R. Brown ex de Candolle; Pipseva Rafinesque; Pseva Rafinesque.

Herbs perennial, decumbent or shrubs dwarf, erect, evergreen. Leaves opposite or subverticillate, shortly petiolate, often crowded; leaf blade leathery, margin serrate. Flowers solitary, terminal, or 1 or 2 on simple or branched, bracteate peduncles, nodding, regular. Sepals 5, persistent. Petals 5, concave. Filaments pilose; anthers opening by pores. Ovary depressed-globose, 5-locular; style obconic, straight, very short. Capsules depressed-globose, long persistent, erect. n = 13.

Five species: Bhutan, China, Japan, Korea, Russia; Europe, North America, Central America (Mexico); three species (one endemic) in China.

1 Flowers 2–7, rarely solitary; bracts broadly linear; sepals ovate-orbicular, ca. as long as wide.   3 Chimaphila umbellata
+ Flower usually solitary; bracts lanceolate or ovate-elliptic; sepals narrowly lanceolate or obovate, ca. as long as to 2 × as long as wide.   (2)
2 (1) Bracts broadly ovate-lanceolate; sepals 4–6 mm.   1 Chimaphila japonica
+ Bracts elliptic; sepals 1.5–2 mm.   2 Chimaphila monticola

Lower Taxa


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