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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 19 | Campanulaceae

5. Cyclocodon Griffith ex J. D. Hooker & Thomson, J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 2: 17. 1857.

轮钟花属 lun zhong hua shu

Authors: Deyuan Hong & Thomas G. Lammers

Codonopsis A. Candolle (1839), not Wallich (1824).

Herbs, (perennial or annual), erect or ascending. Stems mostly branched. Leaves opposite, rarely whorled. Flowers solitary, terminal or axillary, or in dichasium, perfect; bracteoles present, filiform or leaflike, or absent. Calyx partly adnate to or completely free from ovary, and thus epigynous or hypogynous for ovary; lobes 4-6, from subentire to branched. Corolla epigynous, tubular, 4-6-merous. Stamens 4-6; filaments dilated below, glabrous or ciliate at dilated part. Ovary inferior for corolla but from semi-inferior to superior for calyx, 3-6-locular; stigma 4-6-fid; ovules extremely numerous. Fruit a berry. Seeds extremely numerous, subglobose.

Three species: from the Himalaya to Japan (Ryukyu Islands), Philippines, and Papua New Guinea; three species in China.

1 Flowers often 4-merous; calyx inserted on pedicel, distant from other floral parts by 1-4 mm, like involucral bracts.   3 C. parviflorus
+ Flowers usually 5- or 6-merous; calyx at least partly adnate to ovary   (2)
2 (1) Flowers all terminal; bracteoles often absent, rarely present and then stalked and ± leaflike; calyx lobes denticulate to subentire; filaments glabrous; berry often white, less often yellow or pale red.   2 C. celebicus
+ Flowers terminal and axillary; bracteoles present and filiform; calyx lobes branched; filaments hairy below; berry purple-black.   1 C. lancifolius

Lower Taxa


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