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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 19 | Campanulaceae | Cyclocodon

1. Cyclocodon lancifolius (Roxburgh) Kurz, Flora. 55: 303. 1872.

轮钟花 lun zhong hua

Campanula lancifolia Roxburgh, Fl. Ind. 2: 96. 1824; Campanumoea axillaris Oliver; C. lancifolia (Roxburgh) Merrill; C. truncata (Wallich ex A. Candolle) Diels; Codonopsis lancifolia (Roxburgh) Moeliono; C. truncata Wallich ex A. Candolle; Cyclocodon truncatus (Wallich ex A. Candolle) J. D. Hooker & Thomson.

Herbs, (perennial or annual), erect or ascending, sometimes lignified at base, usually glabrous throughout. Stems up to 3 m tall, hollow; branches multiple, horizontal or pendulous. Leaves opposite, rarely in whorls of 3, shortly petiolate; blade ovate or ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate, 6-15 × 1-5 cm, margin serrate, dentate, or crenate, apex acuminate. Flowers usually solitary, terminal, or both terminal and axillary, sometimes in a cyme of 3; pedicels or peduncles 1-10 cm, with a pair of filiform bracteoles at middle to top. Calyx adnate to ovary up to lower part of ovary; lobes (4 or)5(-7), filiform or linear, margins with ramiform teeth. Corolla white or pale red, tubular-campanulate, 7-12 mm, 5- or 6-cleft to middle; lobes ovate to ovate-triangular. Stamens 5 or 6; filaments equal to anthers in length, base dilated into lamellar part, margins villous-ciliate. Style glabrous or hairy; stigma (4 or)5- or 6-fid; ovary (4 or)5- or 6-locular. Berry purple-black when mature, globose, (4 or)5- or 6-locular, 5-10 mm in diam. Seeds extremely numerous, subglabrous. Fl. and fr. Jul-Nov.

Forests, thickets, grasslands; below 1500 m. Chongqing, S Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, SW Hubei, S and W Hunan, S Jiangxi (Quannan), Sichuan, Taiwan, SE Yunnan [Bangladesh, Cambodia, NE India, Indonesia, Japan (including Ryukyu Islands), Laos, Philippines, Vietnam].


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