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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 10 | Fabaceae

148. Glycyrrhiza Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 741. 1753.

甘草属 gan cao shu

Authors: Bojian Bao & Kai Larsen

Liquiritia Medikus.

Subshrubs or perennial herbs. Roots and rhizomes very developed. Stem erect, much branched. Leaves imparipinnate, (3 or)5-17-foliolate; stipules 2, free, caducous or persistent; leaflets entire or serrulate. Racemes axillary; bracts caducous. Calyx cam­panulate or cylindric, 5-toothed, slightly bilabiate. Corolla white, yellow, purple, or purple-red; standard shortly clawed; wings shorter than standard, obliquely oblong; keels joined. Stamens diadelphous or monadelphous. Ovary sessile, 2-10-ovuled. Legume ovoid, oblong, or linear, rarely moniliform, straight or curved, flat or inflated, prickly or rarely smooth, indehiscent or dehiscent. Seeds reniform or orbicular.

About 20 species: mainly in Asia and Europe, extending to Australia, and in North and South America; eight species (two endemic) in China.

1 Legume orbicular, reniform, or ovoid, yellow spiny or tuberculate, with 2 seeds; leaflets lanceolate to oblong, margin spiny-serrulate   (2)
+ Legume linear, oblong, or orbicular, scaly glandular punctate, glandular hairy, or smooth, rarely tuberculate, with 2-8 seeds; leaflets elliptic, oblong, or ovate, rarely lanceolate   (4)
2 (1) Legume tuberculate; racemes not globose; leaflets retuse or obtuse at apex.   8 G. squamulosa
+ Legume rigidly spiny; racemes globose or oblong; leaflets acuminate at apex   (3)
3 (2) Racemes oblong or globose; legume abruptly acuminate at apex, sparsely rigidly spiny.   6 G. pallidiflora
+ Racemes globose or subglobose; legume cuspidate at apex, densely rigidly spiny.   7 G. yunnanensis
4 (1) Legume moniliform, smooth.   5 G. aspera
+ Legume not moniliform, scaly glandular punctate, glandular hairy, or tuberculate   (5)
5 (4) Legume zigzag.   3 G. eglandulosa
+ Legume not zigzag   (6)
6 (5) Legume linear, falcate or curved into a ring.   1 G. uralensis
+ Legume oblong, straight or slightly curved   (7)
7 (6) Leaflets 3-7(-9); calyx with upper 2 teeth joined to 1/2 from base.   2 G. inflata
+ Leaflets 11-17; calyx with upper 2 teeth mostly joined.   4 G. glabra

Lower Taxa


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