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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 11 | Rutaceae

6. Haplophyllum A. Jussieu, Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat. 12: 464. 1825.

拟芸香属 ni yun xiang shu

Authors: Prof. Dianxiang Zhang & Thomas G. Hartley

Herbs, perennial [or sometimes low shrubs]. Leaves alternate, simple [occasional leaves 3- or 5-parted]. Inflorescences terminal, cymose and often corymbiform, (1- or) few to many flowered. Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic. Sepals 5, distinct or connate to ± half their length. Petals 5, imbricate in bud, margin entire. Stamens 10, distinct [or monadelphous]. Disk pulvinate. Gynoecium (2 or)3-5-carpelled; ovaries connate in ± their basal half, otherwise contiguous; ovules few or several per locule; style lateral, of (2 or)3-5 contiguous or connate stylar elements; stigma punctiform or capitellate. Fruit a (2 or)3-5-carpelled loculicidal capsule or rarely indehiscent, with carpels connate as in gynoecium; endocarp thinly cartilaginous, adnate to mesocarp in dehisced fruit. Seeds reniform; seed coat leathery, rugose; endosperm copious; embryo curved; cotyledons elliptic-oblong, flattened; hypocotyl superior.

About 65 species: N Africa, Asia, S Europe; three species (one endemic) in China.

1 Leaf blade ovate to lanceolate, 5-20 mm wide, secondary veins prominent.   2 H. acutifolium
+ Leaf blade elliptic, lanceolate, or linear, 1-5 mm wide, secondary veins not prominent   (2)
2 (1) Inflorescences many flowered; gynoecium 2- or 3-carpelled.   1 H. dauricum
+ Inflorescences 1-flowered; gynoecium 4- or 5-carpelled.   3 H. tragacanthoides

Lower Taxa


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