All Floras      Advanced Search
FOC Vol. 17 Page 267 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 17 | Lamiaceae

83. Hyptis Jacquin, Collectanea. 1: 101. 1787.

山香属 shan xiang shu

Herbs, subshrubs, or shrubs, erect. Leaves dentate. Bracts subulate to spinescent. Flowers in capitula, compact spikes, or loose panicles. Calyx tubular-campanulate to tubular, erect to oblique, 10-veined, throat tufted villous or glabrous; teeth 5, subequal, straight; fruiting calyx dilated. Corolla 2-lipped; tube cylindric to swollen on 1 side, nearly cylindric to narrowly funnelform; upper lip 2-lobed, lobes erect, spreading, or reflexed; lower lip 3-lobed, middle lobe saccate, reflexed in flower, base constricted, sometimes with projected teeth; lateral lobes similar, conspicuous, close together to lobes of upper lip or to middle lobe. Stamens 4, anterior 2 longer, declined; filaments free, edentate; anther cells 2, apically confluent. Style apex 2-cleft or subentire. Disc entire or slightly swollen in front. Nutlets ovoid to oblong, smooth or dotted, scabrid, membranous winged in a few species.

Some 350-400 species: tropical and subtropical regions of the New World, four naturalized species in China.

1 Cymes (1- or) 2-5-flowered, inserted in axils of gradually reduced leaves, in racemes or panicles   1 Hyptis suaveolens
+ Verticillasters many flowered, in capitula or spikes.   (2)
2 (1) Flowers in spikes ± interrupted at base   4 Hyptis spicigera
+ Flowers in globose or subglobose axillary capitula.   (3)
3 (2) Capitula ca. 1.5 cm in diam.; peduncles 5-10 cm   2 Hyptis rhomboidea
+ Capitula ca. 1 cm in diam.; peduncles 0.5-1.6 cm   3 Hyptis brevipes

Lower Taxa


Related Objects  
  • PDF File
  • PDF

    Flora of China @
    Browse by
    Advanced Search

    Flora of China Home




     |  eFlora Home |  People Search  |  Help  |  ActKey  |  Hu Cards  |  Glossary  |