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Pakistan | Family List | Labiatae

56. Hyptis Jacquin, Collectanea. 1: 101. 1787. - nom. cons.; Benth. in DC., Prodr. 12: 85. 1848; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 4: 630. 1885; Briquet in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. ed. 1, 4, 3A: 333. 1897; Mukerjee in Rec. Bot. Surv. Ind. 14, 1: 62. 1940.

I.C. Hedge

Perennial or annual aromatic herbs. Stems erect, branched, with simple hairs. Leaves not divided, serrate, gland-dotted, petiolate. Flowers in shortly pedunculate regular cymes in leaf axils. Bracts small. Calyx tubular or campanulate, 10-nerved, not or scarcely bilabiate, clearly enlarged in fruit and prominently ribbed; tube with vinous hairs; teeth erect, subulate, equal or subequal. Corolla bilabiate, small, inconspicuous; upper lip 2-lobed; lower lip 3-lobed with a somewhat saccate base to the middle lobe; tube slender, not annulate within, scarcely exserted beyond calyx teeth. Stamens 4, included, didynamous, declinate; thecae becoming unilocular, glabrous. Style shortly bifid. Nutlets oblong, clearly compressed, emarginate, often only 1 or 2 developing.

About 300 species all in the warmer parts of the New World. A few have become naturalized weeds in similar areas of the Old World.

Lower Taxon

Related Synonym(s):


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