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21. Nomocharis Franchet, J. Bot. (Morot). 3: 113. 1889.

豹子花属 bao zi hua shu

Liang Songyun (梁松筠 Liang Song-jun); Minoru N. Tamura

Nomocharis pardanthina
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Herbs perennial, bulbiferous. Bulb of many imbricate, fleshy scales, white, without a tunic. Stem erect. Cauline leaves alternate or whorled, sessile, linear-lanceolate to elliptic-lanceolate. Inflorescence a terminal, 1- to several-flowered raceme; bracts 1--3. Tepals 6, free, usually with dark spots or blotches, usually papillose at apex; inner ones with nectary processes on both sides (rarely on 1 or neither side) of a short, median channel at base adaxially. Stamens 6, inserted at base of tepals; filaments often swollen, fleshy and cylindric proximally, sometimes subulate; anthers versatile. Ovary cylindric, 3-loculed; ovules many per locule. Style clavate, widened apically; stigma capitate. Fruit a capsule. Seeds narrowly winged all round.

Seven species: China, India, Myanmar; six species (two endemic) in China.

1 Leaves alternate; filaments nearly subulate, tapering from flat, widened base to filiform apex; inner tepals entire at margin.   (2)
+ Leaves whorled, at least distal ones; filaments swollen, cylindric, and fleshy proximally, abruptly narrowed to a filiform portion distally; inner tepals entire or erose to lacerate at margin.   (3)
2 (1) Style 6.5--12 mm, longer than ovary   1 Nomocharis aperta
+ Style 2.5--4 mm, shorter than ovary   2 Nomocharis saluenensis
3 (1) Inner tepals neither spotted nor blotched with deep color, margin entire   3 Nomocharis basilissa
+ Inner tepals spotted or blotched with deep color, margin erose to lacerate.   (4)
4 (3) Inner tepals ovate to elliptic, more than 1.5 × as long as broad; anthers 3--3.5 × ca. 1 mm   6 Nomocharis meleagrina
+ Inner tepals ovate to orbicular, scarcely or slighty longer than broad; anthers 4--6 × 1.5--2 mm.   (5)
5 (4) Leaves elliptic to lanceolate-elliptic, 10--30 mm wide   4 Nomocharis pardanthina
+ Leaves linear to narrowly lanceolate, 5--8 mm wide   5 Nomocharis farreri

Lower Taxa


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