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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 13 | Araliaceae

7. Oplopanax (Torrey & A. Gray) Miquel, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi. 1: 4, 16. 1863.

刺参属 ci shen shu

Panax [unranked] Oplopanax Torrey & A. Gray, Fl. N. Amer. 1: 648. 1840; Echinopanax Decaisne & Planchon ex Harms.

Shrubs, annually dying back, hermaphroditic, armed with numerous prickles. Leaves simple, palmately lobed, margins serrate, stipules united with petiole, sheathing at base. Inflorescence a terminal panicle or raceme of umbels. Pedicels not articulate below ovary. Calyx 5-toothed, 3 teeth spinelike. Petals 5, valvate. Stamens 5. Ovary 2-carpellate; styles 2, free or united below. Fruit a drupe, red-yellow at maturity, to 1.2 mm in diam. Seeds depressed; endosperm uniform.

Three species: E Asia, North America; one species in China.

Lower Taxon


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