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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 13 | Violaceae

1. Rinorea Aublet, Hist. Pl. Guiane. 235. 1775.

三角车属 san jiao che shu

Conohoria Aublet.

Shrubs or small trees. Leaves alternate, rarely opposite, margin entire or serrate; stipules deciduous. Inflorescences axillary or terminal, racemose, paniculate, or sometimes cymose, rarely flowers solitary. Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic, small. Sepals subequal, leathery. Petals equal or subequal, not spurred. Filaments free or ± connate, inserted inside at top of disk; connectives dilated abaxially from base or from apex into thin, scarious appendages exceeding anthers. Disk circular, slightly 5-lobed. Ovary ovoid, with few or numerous ovules; styles erect; stigmas terminal, not divided. Capsule usually 3-valved, rarely 2-valved. Seeds few, ellipsoid, glabrous or pubescent.

About 340 species: tropical Africa, tropical America, and tropical Asia; four species (one endemic) in China.

1 Disk 5-lobed; stigmas slightly 3-lobed; stamens without filaments, connectives with granular scales   4 R. virgata
+ Disk dilated and circular; stigmas not divided; stamens with filaments, connectives without abaxial scales   (2)
2 (1) Appendages at top of connectives narrowly triangular, less than 1 mm, anthers lanate at base adaxially, apex barbate; stipules later deciduous; petioles 2-5 mm.   3 R. erianthera
+ Appendages at top of connectives not narrowly triangular, anthers without cushionlike tomentum at base adaxially, apex not barbate; stipules caducous; petioles 7-12 mm   (3)
3 (2) Leaf veins raised on both surfaces, very conspicuous; pedicels to 1 cm; fruit small, less than 1 cm; seeds with brown dots.   1 R. bengalensis
+ Leaf veins slightly raised abaxially, not very conspicuous; flowers subsessile; fruit large, ca. 2 cm; seeds creamy-white.   2 R. longiracemosa

Lower Taxa


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