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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 13 | Violaceae | Rinorea

1. Rinorea bengalensis (Wallich) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 42. 1891.

三角车 san jiao che

Alsodeia bengalensis Wallich, Trans. Med. Soc. Calcutta 7: 224. 1835; A. wallichiana J. D. Hooker & Thomson; Rinorea glandulosa Merrill (1928), not Merrill (1917); R. wallichiana (J. D. Hooker & Thomson) O. Kuntze.

Shrubs or small trees, 1-5 m tall. Young branches with conspicuous leaf scars, greenish, glabrous or with very few hairs; old branches dark brown. Leaves alternate, old ones subleathery, slightly nitid; stipules lanceolate, 1-1.7 cm, apex

acuminate, fugacious, scar circular; petiole 5-12 mm, glabrous; leaf blade elliptic-lanceolate or elliptic, (2.5-)5-12(-17) × 1.5-6 cm, veins raised on both sides, lateral veins alternate, 6-9-paired, veinlets reticulate, dense and conspicuous, base cuneate, rarely subrounded, margin serrulate, remotely toothed near base or subentire, apex acuminate. Flowers white, in axillary contracted racemes; peduncles absent; pedicel to 1 cm, slightly yellow tomentose. Sepals broadly lanceolate, ca. 2 mm, abaxially yellow-brown tomentose. Petals ovate-oblong, ca. 5 mm, apex recurved. Stamens with short filaments; anthers 2-loculed, oblong, longitudinally dehiscent, appendages at top of connectives broadly ovate. Capsule subglobose, 3-valved. Seeds broadly ovoid, glaucous, with brown dots. Fl. Apr-May and Oct, fr. Sep. 2n = 16.

Thickets, dense forests; below 600 m. SW Guangxi, Hainan [India, Malaysia, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; NW Australia].


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