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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 14 | Apiaceae

69. Selinum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl., ed. 2. 1: 350. 1762, nom. cons., not Linnaeus (1753).

亮蛇床属 liang she chuang shu

Pu Fading (溥发鼎 Pu Fa-ting); Mark F. Watson

Herbs perennial. Roots stout, taproot elongate or cylindrical. Stems erect, base clothed with fibrous remnant sheaths. Basal leaves 2–3-pinnate or ternate-2-pinnate. Stem leaves gradually reduced upwards, becoming sessile on expanded sheaths. Umbels compound, terminal and lateral; bracts entire, 2–3-lobed at apex, or 1–2-pinnate, or absent; rays numerous; bracteoles usually similar to bracts. Calyx teeth evident, linear-lanceolate, equaling or exceeding the stylopodium, unequal. Petals white or pinkish, obovate, base cuneate, apex notched with small incurved lobule (except L. weberbaurianum). Stylopodium conic; styles ca. 2 × stylopodium, reflexed after flowering. Fruit oblong-ovoid, ovoid or suborbicular, compressed dorsally, glabrous; dorsal ribs thickened or narrowly winged; lateral ribs broad-winged (2 × dorsal wings); vittae 1(–4) in dorsal furrows, 1–4 in lateral furrows, 2–8 on commissure. Seed face plane. Carpophore 2-cleft to base.

About eight species: Asia, Europe; three species (two endemic) in China.

See the taxonomic comment under Ligusticum.

1 Bracts absent; bracteoles 2-pinnate; vittae 3–4 in each furrow; leaves 2-pinnate.   1 Selinum longicalycium
+ Bracts several; bracteoles entire, rarely 2–3(–4)-lobed at the apex; vittae 1 in dorsal furrows, 1–4 in lateral; leaves 2–3-pinnate or ternate-2–3-pinnate.   (2)
2 (1) Bracteoles lanceolate, longer than umbellules, ascending, margins white membranous; fruit oblong-ovoid; dorsal ribs thickened.   2 Selinum wallichianum
+ Bracteoles linear, shorter than umbellules, reflexed, margins scabrid; fruit ovoid; dorsal ribs narrowly winged.   3 Selinum cryptotaenium

Lower Taxa


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