All Floras      Advanced Search
FOC Vol. 25 Page 8, 19, 250 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 25 | Orchidaceae

85. Tipularia Nuttall, Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 2: 195. 1818.

筒距兰属 tong ju lan shu

Authors: Xinqi Chen, Stephan W. Gale & Phillip J. Cribb

Didiciea King & Prain.

Herbs, terrestrial, slender. Pseudobulbs cormlike and ovate, or narrowly cylindric, 1-4-noded, sometimes connected to previous year’s growth by a persistent slender rhizome. Leaf solitary, arising from apex of pseudobulb, broadly ovate to ovate-elliptic, sometimes with purple spots above and purple below, base abruptly contracted into a long petiole-like stalk. Inflorescence laxly racemose, arising from apex or laterally from near base of pseudobulb, erect, slender, usually enclosed at base by a few sheathing bracts; rachis laxly many flowered; floral bracts very small. Flowers resupinate, small; pedicel and ovary cylindric-fusiform, slender. Sepals and petals similar though petals slightly smaller, free, spreading, oblong to elliptic; lip ovate or oblong-obovate, entire or 3-lobed, spurred at base; spur spreading backward or ascending, shortly saccate or long, slender. Column erect, stout; anther terminal, incumbent; pollinia 4, in 2 pairs, waxy, with or without a distinct stipe; viscidium inconspicuous; rostellum short, inconspicuous. Capsule pendulous, shortly oblong to almost spherical.

Up to seven species: Bhutan, China, NE India, Japan, Myanmar, and Nepal, and a disjunct species in E North America; four species (two endemic) in China.

1 Lip with a saccate spur at base; spur less than 1 mm.   4 T. cunninghamii
+ Lip with an elongate, cylindric spur at base; spur 6-15 mm   (2)
2 (1) Spur 12-15 mm; sepals 5.5-7 mm.   1 T. szechuanica
+ Spur 6-12 mm; sepals 4-6 mm   (3)
3 (2) Spur 10-12 mm; lip ca. 5 mm.   3 T. odorata
+ Spur 6-7 mm; lip ca. 3.5 mm.   2 T. josephii

Lower Taxa


Related Objects  
  • Tipularia.pdf
  • PDF

    Flora of China @
    Browse by
    Advanced Search

    Flora of China Home




     |  eFlora Home |  People Search  |  Help  |  ActKey  |  Hu Cards  |  Glossary  |