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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 5 | Loranthaceae

8. Tolypanthus (Blume) Blume in Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 7: 1731. Oct-Dec 1830.

大苞寄生属 da bao ji sheng shu

Loranthus Jacquin sect. Tolypanthus Blume, Fl. Javae (Loranth.) 18. 16 Aug 1830.

Shrubs parasitic, young parts with stellate hairs. Leaves alternate or subopposite, pinnately veined. Inflorescences axillary or at leafless nodes, fasciculate, 3-6-flowered; 1 bract subtending each flower, much broader than flower, free or connate into bell-shaped involucre. Flowers bisexual, 5-merous, actinomorphic. Calyx ovoid, limb cupular, persistent. Mature flower bud tubular, straight. Corolla sympetalous, distal portion inflated, tip ovoid; lobes reflexed. Stamens inserted at base of corolla lobes; filaments short; anthers 4-loculed. Pollen grain trilobate or semilobate in polar view. Ovary 1-loculed; placentation basal. Style filiform, 5-angled; stigma capitate. Berry ellipsoid, exocarp leathery, pubescent.

About five species: tropical and subtropical E and S Asia; two species (endemic) in China.

1 Peduncle 7-11 mm; pedicel ca. 1 mm; bract oblong-ovate, 12-22 × 7-11 mm, base obtuse to slightly cordate.   1 T. maclurei
+ Peduncle 4-6 mm; pedicel 1.5-2 mm; bract lanceolate, 18-27 × 3-6 mm, base cuneate.   2 T. esquirolii

Lower Taxa


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