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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 5 | Loranthaceae | Tolypanthus

1. Tolypanthus maclurei (Merrill) Danser, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, sér. 3. 10: 355. 1928.

大苞寄生 da bao ji sheng

Loranthus maclurei Merrill, Philipp. J. Sci. 21: 494. 1922.

Shrubs 0.5-1 m tall, young stems with brownish or ferruginous stellate hairs, becoming glabrous. Branches patent, blackish, smooth. Leaves alternate to subopposite, or 3 or 4 leaves fascicled on short shoots; petiole 2-7 mm; leaf blade oblong or oblong-ovate, 2.5-7 × 1-3 cm, subleathery, base cuneate or obtuse, apex acute to obtuse. Fascicles solitary or 2 or 3 together, axillary, sometimes at leafless nodes, 3-5-flowered; peduncle 7-11 mm; bracts pink, oblong-ovate, 12-22 × 7-11 mm, papery when dried, 3-7-veined, base obtuse to slightly cordate, apex acuminate. Pedicel ca. 1 mm. Calyx ovoid, ca. 2 mm, brownish or ferruginous tomentose, limb cupular, 5-denticulate. Mature bud 2-2.8 cm. Corolla reddish or orange, pilose, apical portion inflated, 5-angled, lobes narrowly oblong, 6-8 mm, reflexed. Filaments 2-2.5 mm; anthers 1.5-2 mm. Berry yellow, ellipsoid, 8-10 × ca. 6 mm, with stellate hairs. Fl. Apr-Jul, fr. Aug-Oct.

* Forests, mountain slopes, valleys, sometimes along rivers; 100-900(-1200) m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hunan, Jiangxi.

Recorded hosts include Camellia oleifera, Diospyros kaki, Elaeocarpus decipiens, Lagerstroemia indica, Loropetalum chinense, Platycarya longipes, Rhododendron championiae, and species of Ilex.


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